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."/ Ill (he I'lM Ottiir n/ A'cir Yuri, N. i'., ua .-.mJul-rlM.^ lunttir: 



"lal.- "'AT 



NEW YORK, JUNE, 1881. 



Vol. v.— N<i 



ffS. H. HHAfrUCK, 

)(-iii!i'nl ARviit Sin'iiiiuiliin Copy Books. 

'ivisoN. Hi.akeman, Taylor Sl Co., Kew York 

('li-ciilni"3 free tonnyudilrosa. 

PAtKAKDf.S lilJSINKNS COI.I.EOE, 

Ni'i ItltUADWAY. 

Sew York. 



l>liFF*.S JIEII€AN'riI.E: ( 

riTTSItL'UGlI, PA. 

Estnbllslitd IftlO. 
W. H. SADLKR, l'ie»ldoiit Of 
TUl-: KItYANT, STI{.\TT<)N AND SAULKR 
lilsiin--< ('iillc;,'.-. Uiillhiiiirr. Mtl,, pilljUttllCI- of 



'■': 


' !"„^ 


M>s <..i,i.i:«E,~ 

1 «, l,I..CJ.. l'«->i.k-i.l. 




':'';" 


1 N.w York. 

1 N ,i>i 1 iitioiis lire i;Iie«pLT 

' wood. 


" 1 


';';/' 


M\KS9 COIiLEOE, 

.. [iiiliaim. 


UA 


«ii:i. s 


>!■- ALRRO. Prillcipiil. 
l.OTE & CO., 

V 'iTUAnoN ItUOK-KKKP- 



iiip. W'lien writinjc upon ruled paper, we 
should (ilways inuijjnic the space be- 
tween the lines to be divided into four 
i-i|iial -|i;n<^. thi'ce of which may be ue- 
I ii|iii'ii h\ 111. wi-itinp, the fourtii must 
ji..t i.r 1.111. h.ii <ave by the downward 
i\trini.i! Iciirr- from tile line above. 
TUifi open space between tlie lines liepar- 
atcs them, and enables tlie eye more 
readily to follow and distinguish between 
the lines when reading. A small or me- 
dium hand is the best, both as regards the 
readiness with whidi it is read, or case 
and rapidity of lis execution. 

In a large hand the writing is apt to be 
more or less intermingled and confused, 
tlie loops of one line often cutting into 
and obscuring the writing upon other 
lines, while the more extended sweeps of 
the pen in the large writing are propor- 
tionately slow and tedious. 

For legibility, ease and rapidity of ex- 
ecution, small unshaded writing is deci- 
dedly tlie best. Below we give an exercise 
for lu-aoiice upon tlie caplt»!*«*emnni(l 
we here repeat what we have before urged 
upon the minds of our readers, that it is 
tlie care with wliich they practice rather 
than the time and amount tliat measures 
. is notorionsly a 






the mind studies and criticises th'- ix'sult 
of every effort tliat marked improvement 
is made. When there is a disposition to 
scribble stop at once ; to continue is to 



undo that already acuomplislicd, and go 




^^^^ 



. In till- iiivsi.iil l,.-*„ii w,. Hill iiir.-i- suuie 

BlillU upon till- A/.M iiilil iiioiioi-tions of 

writing. 

Ill it.>i practical applU'iition to the alt.iiis 

, of life, wiltiiii; must lie jtrcatly varied iu 

milling r.. [Ik- [ilauc in ami pur- 



fully upon this 

■M-m umvcmcnt.) 

icy anil 

,;;iitar coiiy for the 



/(?j^P(2/</a^m^i^<&^ 



niber of the clas 


s asks if n 


e would 


V cii^^e, use or t 


■aeh but 


I siuKle 


;i i:i|nlal. AV, 


aii-w.T, 


1". We 



■ bad 



ItW.mM hr , 

iauK- -i/.L- .lu.i .-Lj, h- of writing for the 
Hidings of a ledger and other books of 
or n-cord, that would be em- 
it tlie body of a page. In tlie 
li([dressof a lett^iraiid superscription upon 
ne envelope much greater license as re- 
Efcrds size and style may be taken, than 
k the body of the writing. Nor is it 
[Hctieal at all times to maintain a uni- 
size for body writing. It may 
|tli propriety be written larger upon 
tliaii narrow ruled paper. Care 
tould always be takei» to gnsige the sue 
hxt writing according to the spficp In, 
I purpose for which it is to be written. 
"nhoMia be done by varying ilip y;ai« 



uiicallj .iillu, 



insUiuce tliere is no objection t* 
as capitals of the small a, m, », c 
higed. It is the practice upon a 
different form for tlie .-iake of \ 
which we object, simply as a loss 



radically 
ariety to 
of labor. 



Practical Fetunaiuhip. 

In my articles to the .JounxAUliitliorto, 



I Itave labored to show, in my previous 
studies of tlic subject, that it dot* admit 
them, ant^tliat too, as naturally and prop- 
erly as any of Its sister art^. 

l^iit I d(^ ni.t wUli t(i iH)nnne myself al- 
tii;:.iiiri In ■ ~iiii' iif ilif subject; and, 

l»-i)!;i|.-, il i- tiiiir t,i -:iy -nmetlling about 

pnuti.al.a- well a< td.-al penmanship; 
to study it in iUs relations to utility, as 
well as to beauty. 

In this re.«pect penmanship dlffere very 
deiidedly fr.-m .ilmn^t nil the other arts- 
it is emini'iiti\ u~. ini. piaitinil, while at 
tlie same rinir airnniin- III.' very highe.st 



xpre 



;ihil. 



Tht 



. the 



present advance.! ,iage of th.- lut, seemed 
to me eminently worthy of eonsideration. 
If penmanship Ims groxyn to be an urt, 
why not apply it to esthetic principles? 
It Is no itrt if it doe.* not adnilt tliem ; and 



snli-alm iif iKiL-lry, iiiii-^ic and painting is, 

pie-^-i ill the most eiiarniiiig language and 
the most lovely forms that inner truth 
w^icli science fails to grasp. Tlie.se arts 
are perverted when tliey are employed to 
do aiiv riiiti^ >>tiii'i' tlian please mankind. 
F.n- iti-iatirc, iliilai-fic poetry, which is 

^Miiin - r,i,,,h.yed as the means of in- 

MiiRiiiigtlic iiiiiid, is the farthest of all 
troiu the tnie form of poetry. It is 
scarcely worthy of the name. 

Hut penmanship hast a double function. 
While there Is no art better ntted to please 
and to elevate the mind, by presenting the 
Heautiful in its purest forms, there is also 
Ml- -I il LI. !■, iKi |irt'fessioii more valuable 
:i- 111 uiini-iiiuii, more helpful in the 
^vuiid- wi.ilv riiiiikof all that the pen 

liH- ilnin I »\\-\\\ civilization! what 

ariiifVfiiii III iia- ever been entirely per- 
fnitiiiM \\itiioiii its help? Is there a 
gicii imrtiiinii ready to be brought be- 
foiv the public ? The fact must be made 
known \ tlie drawings must be prepared, 
which explain the working of the inech- 
aiiisiii ; 111.' |M'ii iimsi iraverse its rods, 
aiHJ pniiaii- iniir-, ni .ai.-ful explanation. 
ll'iiir iu\i'iiiMi iir al-.. a liiiod drauglits- 
iiiaii and a guud pciiiiiun, his success is 
so much the more likely. A neat trans- 
script, whether it be of an ideal or an 
actual creation, Is one of the most eflec- 
tive passports to the good opinion of those 
to whom it is submitted. 

Xot only as an adjunct, a helper of 
.•tiiii iiiilii-ii it- and occupations, how- 
.■\ri . i- ]ii iiiii:ni-iii|) useful ; it is of pi-ac- 
ti. ii villi! ill it-;elf. "Business, when 
y.iii come lu analyze it," says a well 
known writer, "is three parts mentjii and 
manual facility to one part brain-toil." 
And it is true; I tliink, that mechanical 
dexterity plays a larger part in mercan- 
tile success than is usually supposed. 
Penmanship is the highct form of "man- 
ual facility." A irn.nl pi'Tunan, with 

"mental facility" pi.i| iniuii , i- -m-e to 

claim a premium oil hi- -ii\ir.- He can 
always command a g.'.>il -alai \ ami -steady 
employment. It is pleasant to note how 
many of our leading business men liave 
Imilt their fortunes on the foundation of 
iM'iiMiaii-iiip ! U was their first i^nd niost 
iiiij iiiaiii iiequisitioii, and it hifs enabled 

" HI h. -.ale the ladder of success. If a 
V'lii^ man applies to them ^01" a situa- 
lioii, one of tlieir first lenuisitions Is ; 
••Let us see a specimen of your hand- 
writing." A slovenly or crude penman 
rarely obtains a position at their disposal. 
" Itnpid business haml" Is an accompliali- 



meiit which It pays a young man to spend 
years in acquiring, for when once srcnied 
It is as good as the nucleus of a forrune, 

And even in its most arti-.tic form pen- 
manship is of practical valuw. The lime 
has come when beautiful creations of tlio 
pen command a market value. Like all 
works of art they are the products of 
genius and skill, and deserve the reward 
wliicli this God-given power reccivQs in 
other departments. From whichever side 
we look at it we cannot fall to see the 
true utility and desirability of penman- 
ship. One cannot make a better practical 
beginning of life than to educate himself 
in the use of the pen. 



Nerve Force in Penmanship. 

No trade or profession in whidi a young 
man may engage calls for the expenditure 
of more nerve force than penmanship. 

The general penman who holds himself 
in readiness to execute all kinds of orna- 
mental pen-work must liave in store a 
large amount of " nerve," he must also 
know liow to feed and care for his ^la- 
chine so that the manufacture of this 
force is constantly going on, and the pro- 
duct must be equal to or in excess of the 
demand, otherwise the penman becomes 
nervous, and If lie continues to work in 
this condition he is sure to impair his 
health and perchance resort to the use of 
90-called stimulants which by deiideiiing 
his nervous sensibility enable him fur a 
time to do his work. 

There is a curious mistake often made 
by hearty young men who " take a liking" 
to penmanship. With the hand and arm 
trained to guide the plow or wield an ax 
the pen is taken in hand and because the 
muscles at first cannot be controlled to 
execute the delicate forms, made seem- 
ingly without effort by the teaclier the 
student exclaims, I am too nervous to 
ever become a good writer. Such per- 
sons instead of being " nervous " have an 
abundant supply of nerve force, just what 
every penman needs, and to make good 
penmen they have only to keep up the 
supply and by careful, well timed prac- 
tice train the muscles of tlie hand and 
arm to execute the beautiful forms of 
letters with the same force and precision 
with which tlie ax was ^vielded. 

We have said that the penman must 
know how to care for his machine and in 
the next issue we will give a few practical 
suggestions on tliat subject, wliich will be 
of value to learners and possibly to some 
who have worked long at the art. 

Expertism. 

Editori of tlif I'rW/tan'H ArtJo'imal: 

Gkntlemen : There is no clii-ss of pro- 
fessional workmen more subject to ridi- 
cule, misstatement and downright abuse 
than I';x pert* —unless it be tlie Busine^ss 
College propri.-t.. I -, who .in- as far from 
being "exp-'i'-' I- i'i--il>l'' And of all 
classes of |ii.it*."ii-iial r\|..-its none an- 
more liabb- I.. abu-.' I \\a- .>n the point 
pf saying none dmnc hImi^*- "i"''*' f"»" 
Jvxperts in handwriting. When I say 
none deierve abuse more than this class I 
want my statement taken as It ia meant, 
to cover that specie? of the class who imp 



- ^■aA-j.a^jjS ^^ S J :;^a' ^Jmi^ 











^Vai-fii'*'^ ' 



Artwtt^'i'ftfitrc ' 



— yP^V--0<i"«>«\ 







^l^^UanHfiil^ 



.k 



^:^^ 



rr y 






















c 'yC -/■- -//i-wir>^r% ;d^. 



-(W* 



Tho oriRinol from whit-li the above cut was Photo-eujyr.ivetl wiw tlesi-^aied uud executed by J. C. lliller, Penman at Allen's Business College, Mausfielcl, 
Pa. The size of the oriprinal is 20x24. ami is an elegant specimen of peiunauship. 



«lwny« looking out for a job and always 
n-iuiy to servo the party timt will pay tlu'in 
ht'Ht. or. 1 inijtht say tliat will pay them 
iiiiytliinK. for tlicy arc luirdly 



a pp.' 



L-pt (! 



tilt 



ide, iiiid rlirii i>iily upon tl 
int on.' rxpcj-t will Imliuu-e aiioti 
tliiit the only thing for the jui 
' rtnd" for the shle wliii-h has tl 
iiumhcr of expert'!. And it is 



A fev 



eks ago I had 



I he 



irtwht 



II foi-gery i 



The expert who had been working in the 
interest of the pro.-ieeutinii had sjieiit tJoiue 
tifti'eii days of exhaustive toil in prepar- 
ing his evidenee so as to enlighten and 
not eonfuflp the jury, ami his te<tunony 
as he had arnvnged 
sistlble. 
The attorney for 



nply 



\\\w' U 



tlK! 



piup..-, 

lidieulr. ; 



the diimiigiiig testimony. For tliis pui- 
jiose a very ordinary tramp is suftleient, us 
he will eount as niueh as n real expert 
and ejin give his " opinioit " thnt all that 
is elaimed by the otlier side is false, and 
eun show In hts own pei-son and testimony 
of what miserable nniterial experts are 
made. Siieh maUM-iiil eau be found lloat- 
itig about, and ean he "retained" for a 
very small itmount of ready eash. 

Lawyei-s are very vnrluble as to their 
jndgineiit of the value of export testi- 
mony. If they happen to be on tlie side 
whieli depends wholly upon this kind of 
fvidenee tUei-e ai-e no bounds to tlie ivs- 
peelful eonsideratiun they will show, not 
oidy to the tesiimoii)- ItM-lf. but to the 
purveyor of it ami "all IiU ivlntions and 
friends." He U proven lo be a rtrst-ehiss 
giMitleman. an undoubted scholar, and ii 
judge of every good thing. If lie should 
happen, on nuj" subsequent oei-asion, to 
W iiit.'iv>led In proving what tlie siune 
hurned geutlemen are paid Co liave dis- 
proved, il is tntere.«ting lo notice liow 
rapidly and (ri-etrlevably he sinks in the 
scale of intt'lHgeiiee and n-speetabillly. 



I i.H, wa^ to ritlienle llu- expert. 
luk r^pcrt testimony. So he an- 
;h1 at the Stan that he should cdijeet 
xphinutions and analysis on the part 



exiier 

and St 



■d aU< 



•elevant and 

that his ihi.-f busi- 



"m-w pn.n 
sprung up 



Tiie \Vln 



trial he asserted liad disgusted the whole 
country, and had shown clearly that there 
wiL« no sueh thing as a reliable expert on 
iiaudwriting, and that the courts were en- 
gitged in the foolisii and expensive busi- 
ness of keeping ;itUnU a lot of Impudent 



and imp 
hiuglu-d i 



, <I.-i 



ght- 



shnuld 
retainer 



lation. knouinji full well that 
gi'Uth'inan reei-ive a proper 
reiiuiring expert tcsti- 



tlou Ills ,„. 
id^ ..f tiir 



-iitii 



settled question ;t- lo 
did or dill not rob a hen 
hU Vr'A^l)erwom9i\, 



]'"'■: 



nuniy on writing, liis tii'st move would be 
to seeni-e the best talent available In this 
"exploded" profession and extol the 
skill and reliability of his showing and 

The fad is, there is uo testinnniy so sat- 
isfactory to a jury, to the eiinrt or to the 
public as tlial of a imputable expert who 
uiulerstands his business, and knows how 
lo make himself umlerstood. But it is 
iTuc. nevertheless, tliat the Whittaker 
trial hjis disgusted the country as to the 
reliability of wliiit experts say, and iis to 
the intelligence nnd Moneaiy pf perftOH* 



billing 



Iti 



as experts, 
not that a sharp lawyer with an expert at 
his elbow cannot confuse a witness or 
" catch "liini in a well laid trap, but that 
witnesses give evidence of starting out 
with a "tlieory," and attenijitingto make 
everything bend to it, so that when they 
arc tripped up ;vs they often easily are, 
they can <lo nothing but "stick to" what 
has been iiroyen to he false and what 



l';il-i 



lib -<-■■ 



that wlicn two exi)crts, having the same 
facts before tliem come to <liffcrent con- 
clusions, one of them must be wrong; 
and if in the exaudnation it should clearly 
appear which was hi the witmg — appear 
to the witiu-.ss at fault as well as lo others, 
the cause f)f expertism wouUl be greatly 
beiu'tited by an open and honest aeknowl- 
edgnu-nt of the fact. And no expert 
wtndd lose standing, but would rather 
gain it by sueh a eourae. 

Kxpertisni can never receive the eon- 
fidence and respect of the public until 
experts themselves earn this confidence 
by never judging of a ease even prelimi- 
narily, except on full examiruition ; ami 
never accepting a "retaining" fee under 
any circiunstance-s nor prouiitie a client that 
they will stick toa present theory through 
thick and thin. 

An honest expert will always icscrve the 
right to change his oidiiioii ;it any plia^^n 
of the trial, if facts arc .|.ve|..|„.,i wldch 
shall lead him to a dilTcrcnt cundusion. 
It is doubtful whether such expertj^can 
be found in sutUcient number to establish 
the "profession" on a higher plane than 
that of the lawyer whose business it is to 
"sqneleh these sclf^sullicient cluirletans." 

In fact, the very name •• i/r"/cj"*i»nfil eX) 
pert" is an offepee, iuul hnid to an unjust 
roncUi^toii tliut tUo^v wlio nro ko profl* 



cient In any line that their expert knowl- 
edge can be made available arc ready to 
be retained on either side. There is noth- 
ing wrong in a lawyer working honestly 
for his client, and even when he known 
his client to be in the wrong his efforts 
to prove him In the right are accepted as 
professionally proper. Not .so with the 
expert, however. He Is in no sense an 
advocate, and has nothing to do with 

anybody's IrilriestS. His office is tO entob- 

/;-/, f'n f, ■"!!,, lit it cut where It will. And 
\\\>\-\\ < \|)ri li-Mi ean stand on this basis it 
will tir ir-|ir. r.il— not as a " profession," 
but as a valuable aid in getting at truth. 



irs sincerely, 

S. S. rAt'KARD. 



Keokuk, Ia., May 22, 1881. 
EilidifH Paimaii'if Ar( Jonviiul: 

Will content myself in answering sueh 
questions as Prof. J. VV. Westervelt offers 
for the present and then I would suggest 
that those having a successful experience 
in Graded schools come forth hnd in con- 
cise language through articles convey 
that information which has been too 
jealously guarded and which doubtless 
will help the fraternity. 

In answer to 1st question No. In an- 
swer to 2d question. But little and that 
with pupils who are entirely wrong. Will 



.'M 



In 
je they 



Itll 


111U--1 

you \ 

pol pu 

gl'OSS 


,11. c 


llailil) 
Very 


; a UtfiUtd atiwitnt 
espeetfully, 
C. H. PiKRCK. 


I 

sell 


■jio^es 
of '• 


good pen for blisincsK or 
senci 30 fents for n ((iiar. 
Ames' Pfinniiui's r«vor 



v^^^^:Mm^^^ 



:';::;iliifi-,„ 




„.v, let f;in a 

1 thr l"'ft eye 

which i'om- 

Tlie Inw 



iliil 



Alisncr. "lie lested." ■■Whalel, 
he ilof I'mniptl}- h llllle S-jeai-oliI hoy 
"lie read hi* iiewsimpcv." 
A I'liiiiese boy. who is leaniiiis Knglisli 
ealiie aero?:* tiie psissagi" in liis testjiinent 
••We liave pipeil unto yon, ami y 



and rendered it Ihn 
vliat'8 tlie 



•W, 



;ill Ml 



ieliool.jiirl. wiio luul 
.■est to tlic liigliest 
.«s. "I sliall liave a 
yrmbol. as it denotes 
tile foot." — Yttiik-ri'it 



Tlie *' Watoi^Mark" in Paper. 

A iceent nillnbcr of The Priiitrn' 
llei/ntti- of London. Kngland, gives the 
following interesting information in an 
iutiele ronilensed from a lectnre on 
•■ Taper and Taper-nmliing," by Henry 
IMlniim: 

••One feature of paper remains to be 
notiied— namely, tlie • water-marl*,' the 
origin of whieli explains some of tlie 
names by wliieli papel-s are known. In 
the days when few persons eonlil read, 
pietnres and symbols were eonnnonly 
nsed a^ «igns or emblems of employment. 
,..!(■,■ Ilie wool- 
..in.T.,- on the 



llir Im 



Educational Notes. 

'. KKLLBV.; 



The Chinese I'rofessor at Harvard 
wears silli and satin, and does not speak 
English Unently. 



it was. If he had tin 
a little oftener, I 
t better." 



What becomes of the eream that rises 
n the Milky way ; Oh 1 that is taken 
nre of bv the birds that skim the air. 



of Words." th. 



dictionary has tin 
an entliusiastie am 
'lit in favor of a pei 

ii'iiien have alread. 



-V C'lTinese chart of the heavens made 
M>iii mil) years B. C, giving correctly the 
•-itinii- nf about 1400 stars, is preserved 
^1 .11 I'liiis library.— VK«(cra B*«(i- 

riLiUKi- Carlyle willed to Harvard Uui- 
.i-ity lilt- hooks he used in writing the 
\..s of Oliver Cromwell and Frederick 



iral years principal 



t Pennsylvania lip 
of Llj. 1). upon I're: 
, lliuuc .tiluilaatic. 



A "olassical stndont" says, 
If Atlas supported the wi 

siipportcd Atlas V" The que 



supposed to have bet- 
ancient name given 
mens of papyri. .^ 



was the prompt aiiswe 

boy at the foot of the class. — OalwHttm 



Hints to Correspondents. 



Sund.ay- 

111 si,., 11- 


1:': 


ItU ll.U. 

the bad 


li;ii{ ill 
ll-,.| 11 


ts. 
Kperienee 


!,'i''ii,','. 



len the i)aper is 
Tlie commonest 
it's name and tho 

r. iif fiaiul and 
lr;;jll [Hiper is 
iii.ally, so that 



- Mcpt religion." 
ik— How many perches aif 
ihain of lakes? 

1-be teacher in Toledo recently 
o an (-xatni nation i[nestit>n 
ink till- world is ronnd or Hat y 

■ W'.ll, -i.iiif ]>eople think on<' 
iitnr ;iiii.:liri ; I'll teaeh roaiuloi 



III. - ill, r it with the speed of a winged 
A put>il teacher in Hull, (England), 



In the review of the past lessona ji 
Snnday-school the unestion was asket 
" What did God do on the seventh day: 



i.ot old 
1 imving 
>ii iliem, 



"■ wa-^ printed 
ri-lish letter*!" 
I iii.s book was 
,1- a tribute to 

1 . imitating tho 
;itfi-mark. An 
iiu- water-marks 

oil the gauze of 
IN nf the object 



!■,> 


\v'li.' 


',..,'mTi1,'!i".I 




iietWe 


V 111 


V ha 




ide e:; 


re^sly 


liei 




lis name, t 


rest, I 


r -any 


in th 


fori 


of water- 


narkt^. 





Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly understood that 
the editors of the JoDKNAL are not to be 



ami piibli-lit.l , il any p.i 
.oluinus ale eiiuaily open 
so and tell why. 



I. M, ,- ,.1 i;ni/,.i Mignet, 
II, ,1,1, 1- 111.., 1. 1,. I nlilrh aro 
-i,i|,ln Wiiii. uell, my 
.11 ! I'letty writing III a 
i-ieful dressing, a iileasmg 
ir a sweet voice."— JScfflfa^ 







ADVERTISING RATES. 

single InHonJon 25 oonlit pvT line noniwrell. 
(kihimn iTtt"oo" ».w 00 $100 o6 «l8u od 

; •• IS 75 8ft 00 ftrtOO 88 00 

■• 7 50 15 00 MOO moo 

inch. ISllnM... 175 .100 « 50 15 00 

i;u''ln".'.l'>im.'."r r"I "Tx 'm«i.ll'r™ml°Iliio"ymr. 
j.jal.li-.in.irt.iiy li.n.lv.i.uu. Xi.ilovliillon from 



s?s:"i, 



■"■::• ':"?r!is 



■.LVBII: 



n to tlio sender, ^ 
I eilvll snUscHljev, 



h": :":":':: :,',:, 


,,,„.,,, 


,Ii', !"!h 


>m^L' order or 
-I'd 111 letter is 


.■IS 


"\,-. 


1,':'.;:;!,' 


U.VAL. 
New York. 


Riilii*erlp!i«ii~ 


i'Mj:!; 


liB!: 


M'.m.^°«"il'*bu 


NEW 


(lUK 


JINF. 


1H81. 



Our Most Valuable and Provoking 
Writing' Leason. 

Till- spring of 1P5(J ftmiid us n stmleut 
in a soniiniuy in Mas-;. Our mmie iilso 
iiplK-Hn-il hi till' t'litJiloguc, among the 
fjuuUy lis the Profussor of Penmanship. 
A long suniinur vni-ation was uppronching 
which we deaii-ed to improve in some 
maimer to i-opltMilsli our fast waning 
ilnanees, wlicn we elmneetl to observe in 
a newspaper from tlie " Imb'* an adver- 
lisomeni hvinleil "Agents wanted" which 
"ft forth in tlie usual glowing manner of 
suoh iidvi-rtisemeiits. tlie certainty and 
ea-*e with which one miglit become pos- 
sc*«ed of H fortune. 

We lost no time in inditing an epistle 
of three letter sheet pagii"*, in our most 
Haborato :uu\ ^,.,::,..i.i- -lyle. Grace- 
fill llourMn - M. u:\rA uiii, the well 
iMun.lr,! ;iii,l -lii,l,,l ni.i-i.i strokes or 
chiroirraiilii. 1 111 M . ,.i ih. numerous cap- 
itals, in sucli II mauiier as to present to 
our eye womlrouti beauty ; and who, on 
beholding sucli a manlfe^tutlou of genius 
would piwuiue to ipic-iiioii our capability 
for rtUiti^utiy :.;;rno ■ The Ivtter we en- 
clos«a in an *n\ei..)K- wliieh we addressed 
to the great dispeiiT^tr of fortunes. 

Tlie magnirtcencc of tlie ciilrogniphy of 
that letter and tlie gorgeousne<;ss of that 
superscription remains vividly impressed 
upon our mind to thi^ day. And wliy 
not ? We regarded it us a sort of sight 
draft for u fortune. Even the position of 
Uie po^itage stamp wo remember as il was 



placed nidewise in the i>nly tunw nn<»tii- 
pied by the aforcttaiil nujierscription, at 
ilie lower left liand corner of the envelope. 
Ha^itening to the Post-office we watelied 
our o])portunit>' to reach tlie letter direct- 
ly to the hands of the Postiiia-^ter ; for 
why idiould not our vanity be gi-atitied to 
the extent of having him see and note the 
geiiiuH of that suiierecription? and did we 
not flu!4h with pride as he remarked that 
" it wa't written with coiutiderablo daj^ii." 

Impatieittiy we waited for the mail to 
bring a response. It did so promptly ; 
nervou* witli expectation we opened tlie 
letter and read : 
Mr. D. T. AinfH— 

Dkar sir— Yours of— inst. is received. 
** It l« done up to boyish ta^te.'' 

Tlic further import of the letter we do 
not now recollect. That sentence '* done 
up to boyish taste" wa* quite enough for 
us. No prospective fortune could have in- 
duced us to become the menial of the 
author of such a villainous comment 
upon our chirographic skill. We read 
it over and over with well-nigli uncon- 
trollable rage and indignation. Uur 
flret impulse was to seize our i^en and 
properly resent so outrageou* an insult, 
but our anger flnally gave place to a feel- 
ing of pity and utter contempt for si man 
thus destitute of good tii-ti' mihI ~<i l>linil 
to the beauties of arri-tii |itiim;Hi-iii|i, 
Having no special pritlr xi nw iH'i>iii|> in 
that letter we deposited it in the ^{uw. hut 
the memory of that sentence and the deep 
impression it made upon our mind was 
not to be effaced, " done up to boyish 
taste" fairly rung in our ears for days 
and months and even now after tlie lapse 
of twenty-flve years that sentence stands 
as if gi-aven upon the slieet before us. but 
the resentment that it at Urst caused has 
long since clianged to a deej) feeling of 
gratitude and thankfulness to its autlinr 
for the most valuable as It was the mu^t 
impressive writing lesson we have ever 
received. We never again mingled llom- 
islies with writing intended for a dlmi > i 
business, even when we have bem i. ini^i 
ed to add an unnecessary line in hu-iin.- 
wi'illng "done up to boyish ta^te l.a- 
stood out in bold cliaractei's as y warning 

Practical Origin of the Spencerian. 

At tlie age of sixteen years, the author 
of the Spencerian, Piatt It. Spencer, by 
rea'ion of Ids marvelous skill with the pen 
ami ri-aily knowledge of accounts, held tlio 
res|)oiisible position of book-keeper and 
cashier f..i Anan Harmon Ksq, of Ash- 
tabula, (Jldo. Mr. Harmon owned sev- 
eral mills, a shipyard, also a store and 

In the store where the hanking and 
merchandising business were conducted, 
almost at the same counters, tiie books 
of the extensive interests of the concern 
were kept by young Spencer for some 
yeai-s. 

Tlie affaire of the store, mills and co- 
ordinate business brought him In com- 
munication, to some extent, by corresiion- 
dcnce and otherwise, with business men 
and noted tluanciers at commercial cen- 
ters, enabling him to become familiar 
with the current customs of transactiii"- 
business and recording its myriad steps 
according to the approved methods known 
to the science of accounts. The responsi- 
bility of his position, requiring tlie almost 
i-onstant use of the pen. in .sunmiai i/iiij; 
the records of tiie lur-re hnsine^- ini,-iv<N 
of lii>^ fini.loy.T. i.)rc,lin;; in their i rla- 
tions the property right of many iietiple 
connected with the producing, building, 
transportation, manufacturing and trad- 
ing enterprises of that early period, gave 
to his young mind a discipline which be- 
came thorougiily evinced, in the praeti- 
calization of bis style of writing. Hence 
it is that iu the light of history we llnd 
tlie liyatferMn $tyle n/ trriting was born 
wlthtu Che pale of commerce to meet the 
manifold necessities of the active affaii-s 
of business. The simple grace and beauty 
of Mr. Spencer's writing led many to ap- 
ply to Idm for counsel as to how they 
could master the "giviit st-eondary power 



of writing. In res|>onse. he instructed 
many by letter. The demand for his in- 
struction led him. at times, to give les- 
sons to classes. Tlie extensive public-a- 
tion of his style of writing and system of 
instruction subsequently, was iu answer 
to an urgent demand throughout the 
country. As County treasurer for four- 
teen years, broad scope was given for the 
employment of his talents as an account- 
ant and the practical test and aiiplication 
of that which was destined to become 
national— his pojjular system of writing, 
in making up tlie debit and credit of ac- 
counts with the thousands of taxpayers of 
Ashtabula County. The practical utili- 
tarian, combineii with tlie gi-acefnl fea- 
tures of his system of writing, has made 
it by common consent the standard in 
business colleges and common schools of 
the land, and inilMon- ..f .\niniean youth 



Obituary. 
Few penmen have been better known 
in Centj-al New York than A. AV. Talbott. 
who died st\ddenly but a few weeks since 
' at his home in Mequoit. N. Y. In another 
column will be found a somewhat ex- 
tended review of his life and labors, by 
C. E. Carliart. nf fite Albany Business 
College, \Ii riiin ^\ .. a skillful wri- 
terand -u.- tui i, i, I,, i He was ener- 
getic, >linu<1 ami ~ii. t.-ssful in all his 
business arrangemeiif^- His loss will be 
deeply Mx by all who have known him, 
either as relative, friend, instructor or as- 
sneinW. Mi.TaDi-.M xv a- aUo |.-)-.sessed of 



pas( 



fro 



iniirt.' 


of 


bu. 


writiii 


gtl 


Et 


111 \ 


ii'« 


i.f 


ity uf 


"-1 


II 



to Che 



Expei't Testimony. 



oft-- 1 



■ folln 



ng tlie reliabii- 
oiuit. ofjus- 
ii'i with wliicli 
sugg. 



tion quoted from the words of Judge 
Pratt, of the Supreme Court of New Yoi'k, 
is eminently worthy to be adopted as a 
guide to every person who is consulted 
with the view of giving evidence upon 
any subject as an expert, and is what we 
have fn-'[ii'-iu!y ;tHvo<-atPd thnni;:li tlie^.- 

ion ha.- li.rn -Muuiii m-:u .ilm: .|iii-ii,.iK-(l 
handwriting, .hi.i::.' I'laii -a>-; 

•• Wherean rxp. ir 1- -..u-hr ;,, be em- 
ployed who h:i- im |,i,M,,ii. Kii.iwledge 



WVli.-h, M II,.,, ,h,. ;,l„,^, j- the rule, 
so far a- i- inaniial, witli <■^,■vy honor- 
able expert. We know it is with most; 
but the bad feature of the expert busi- 
ness, as in all otlicr things, is, the 

fact, that, it i- ijMt with. ml it- luiii-r\ 
Charletaii-. vU,n 1r kn.iv.-n Ml Muuiii- 






.-iilc 



any 



case in which they can p: 
employment, and get a fee. Of course 
such advice as Judge Pratt oITers is wast- 
ed upon that class of "professional" 
experts. So long as there is a mutual 
seeking between the charletan witness 
for a fee, and arrrniir\ t. -ii-niiii Im ;iri\ 

means a had can- i v|,i n i.-ii ,,'> .an 

and will be inaili' ■■ ., ii,:. .,, i., , - .n,.i 



irld as 



this class of testimony knuvislily given 
and procured, rather than the occasional 
difference of opinion between skilled aud 
lioncst experts upon evenly balanced 
cases, which so often discredits expert 
testimony. 

Which P 

Ueeeiitly tlie twin brothere Henry and 

Harvey S]ieneer, the associate authors 

of tlie Spencerian system visited our 

Wlien both were present one of Chem, 
(it is of coui-se impassible to say whidi.) 
said that a few days before, at a time 
when his brother was In New York, he 
was at an assemblage of friends in Wash- 
ingtoi), one of whom In apparent cju-nest- 
nc-^s asked him. " Is it you or your brother 
who has gone to New York i" 

Extra Copies of the Jotinial 

will he sent free to teachers and others 
who desire to make an effort to secure a 
club of subscribei-s. 






and i»oeti\ . a- 111- 111.111} .oniinnnieations 

to the Journal and other publications 
bear evidence. 

In another column we present a char- 
acteristic specimen of his poetical com- 
position. 

Send $1.00 Bills. 
We wish our patrons to bear In mind 
tliat we do not desire postage stamps in 
payment for subscriptions, and that they 
should be sent only for fractional parts 
of a dollar. A dollar bill is much more 
convenient and safe to remit than the 
same amount in 1, 2 or 3 cent stamps. 
The actual risk of remitting money is 
slight— if properly directed not one mis- 
carriage will occur in five hundred. In- 
close the bills, and where letters con- 
tJiining money are sealed in presence^of 
the post-master we will assume all tlie 
risk. 

A Card. 

Mr. Kelley begs leave to call attention 

to the fact that, as orders for written 

cards accumulatod beyond his ability to 

|iin,(i|pil> nil rlinil. Ilir aihriii-'iiientin 

1. ,111111, 11. 1. r.ill. ,1- IIhit -irlll- In he HO 

it understood, that as a rule, no order for 
any number, from one dozen upward, 
can with certainty be tilled in less than 
ten days from tiie date of its receipt. 

He also desires it understooil that he 
sends by mail, at present, nothing hut 
written cards— a dollar's worth, plain or 
fancy, for one dollar. 

H. F. Kkllky, 
303 Broadway, New York. 

Hon. Ira Mayhew, President of May- 
how's Business College. Deti-olt, Mich., 
ariiioiiiues a Normal class for teachers 
.litijii-tlie months of July and August. 
Ihi-wiM furnish a rare opportunity for 
ttaieliers to acquire, what every teacher 
ought to possess, a knowledge of book- 
keeping and business, with agoodliand- 
writing and a knowledge as to the best 
method of giving instruction. Prof. May- 
hew justly ranks among tlie first educators 
of this country ; alike distinguished as 
an anrlior, !ii-!tittrlr>r nr public School 

..nil.'! \ i- i>'it. I- Hrted to become 

,, I, .1, hii '.I '■■ ai I,' I - (iiaii he, and the 

tr.MJiii- uli.i rail avail 1 iKMU^elvCS of llis 

aid aud experience should count them- 
selves fortunate. 

On the 38th day of May, the teacliers 
and students of the Eastman Husiness Col- 
lege, Ponghkeepsie, N. Y., 'took tlicir an- 
nual excursion dr)wn the Hudson to New 

Vurkuli rh. -I. am., Mary Powell. We 
r.finn nu, tii.inl-- im iia- very kind lll- 
vii.iiiMii i., iir |,i,.,iif. ;iiid also express 
ifT able to do so. 



Wr are i 



•d th; 



Kn-land Card C 



class book n| (', 
some length in 
Journal, and i 



njjany. 
illy of 
Ml the 

"■A Pew 



■ li.ed at 
of the 
another 




same cit; . and ui U. U. 
Clmiiiberliii urid Gr. W. 
Eastman. After teacliiiig 
some toil or twelve years ^^ 
ill the 



i photo-engraved from an original design, executed by W. L. Dean, Teacher of Penmanship i 
Uean is not only a skillful penman but a popular teaclier of writing. 



llerlvii 



ntics of Madirtun. 
Ik- went to (JIktMi 



took lessons of old l\ il. SpencL-r. nnviv- 
ingof liima iliplonm. Tliis wa- in tlir 
summer of ia03 ; in the fall of tlii- n:n 
he went to Brooklyn with Bryant .v Snai- 
ton ; from there he went for a slioit tiiiK' 
to Montreal, Canada; thence to Newark, 
N. J., and tlieii again witli Bryant & Strat- 
ton to Utica ; here he remained f<.r two 
or three years ; tiist will, Bryaut \ St, ,,t- 
ton. luul tlii-n with Walwurtli. In l-n- 



than two years, we feel 
ring that it is a journal 
;(tronnp;e and support of 
i,i\ii-i'* !Uid business men 

' i - iii-ing them more 

ii-room or office. 
I \iited to the prae- 

• I ^ ' urupliv, and yet 

-t ■ ^ii "t I hi' artistic 

:iii' ■ ■ I ■■.\i\ eagle 



& Mead; 
Brooklyn 



1 nf \ 



lien again we liml him ii 
AVilHamsbnrgh with (Jarjien- 
ter. He was also at one time witli Ells- 
worth and also with Fairbauks of X 
York. 

The winter of 1871 or 1 
with Mayhew of Detroit, 
we rtnd him with Walwnri 
and in the spring of i^Tt wiih >,,,|| 
of Baltimoi-e. Sevenil \. n- v\ . m |,i-- 

In thecmploy of E.G.Fni- , ,.| \ii,r,ii 

^t the time of his deal ii he wa- . n-.i^ 
B canvassing agent for Folsoni .v fnii, 
f Albany, alternating with P. 11. >|., ru 
^ of Cleveland. Mr. Talbott's earliei- ve;i 
teacher of pcnmansihi 
bnt latterly he devoted his whole time 



cerian pens with the house of Ivison, 
Blakeman, 'J'aylor & Co., is on a trip to 
Birmingham, Kng., the place of their 
manufacture, with reference to future 
supplies. We learn that the sale of these 
pens during the past year lias been quite 
unprecedented. 

I'rof. 11. Itu-rl!. I'in,,rutorof the Joliet 
111., Busiiir-- r,.il,-., r,-|)orts that his 

school i- -uillv ]iri.-.|ierous. Prof. 

Russell i-aii .i,,i-,ii, i.aiher and is also 
a ready and Lui^iLainiu^ writer, as will 
be acknowledged by all the readers of 
' papers to which he is a fre- 
■ibutor. 



fast 



ard and the college chartered the 
sailing steamer " Americus " and accom- 
panied the " Republic" down the Bay to 
Sandy Hook and Knck;iway, and all 
joined heartily in rli'>i in^r ' 



the way and 
age." About eigiit h 
on board the " Amei 
standing a rain stoi 
the departure, all on 
en|oy the trip right 
goiiijg and coming 
music aud dancing, 
returned to her ' 



yoy- 



•ni set in soon after 
board appeared to 
merrily, the time in 
was beguiled with 
The "Americus" 
at tlie foot of Rector 
half hour later 



In 


the 


y«ir 


1830, 


he 


imin-leil Mis 


Miirj 


C. 


l'lH!ll)8 


of E 


toi 


, Mnilisoii, C 


Kcw 


Vo 


•v.. SI 


c was 


" 


grnud iiiei« o 




lie in BiiiniiK tli4' m»Ht skillful of proft 
xloiinl |icit artUtH 

■J. v.. Whitlow of Columbia. Texiui 
HCiiilH n creditable «pccli 
tnj; antl writing. 

.1. ». Moon. I'owiler S|irliig8, Ga., In- 
I grat-efully executed uperl- 
iiii!iiH of writing. 

An el(!gant speilnien of letter-writing 
t-oiiii'tt from Eaton & Hiirnftt'»« Bin ' 
College. Haiti 

);corgeE.rnilerliin,Mrt.l._'i-pnrl.<V.nM.. 
..■n<U two unique an. I -MIHmIIv .v. . „r.-cl 
•leKlgiiK of birtU, rtn..ll- ,in,l l...f u..,l, 

W. K. Dt'unls.ar |.i. -. m ".rli W iJL'lirs 
Hu«ln<'K« Collegr UronKlyii. N. V.. n-- 
t:.-nlly exiilliitcd nt tliis olllce nevKrul 
BppchiieiK* of iteiu'il writing prepared hj 
i-Tigraving. whirli evlnt'ed a high 



time. I generally give tlie classes a lesson 
of an liour in simple onibellishuient of 
pen lettering which lliey never fall of 
appreciating. 

I'leparc for Urush marking by securing 
live <ir >iix quires of good sized aiul fair 
ppiug paper, good camel's 



upon tlie blackboard 
if Ictlering employed 
•ctiug the most simple 
1 style 




Am. a siMice In writing is always 
proporllonate to the size of the writing 
Hud cAunot therefoi'e be given in the 
fractional i>art^ of an inclu In the ine- 
Uium sized copies of the Spencerlan. as 
tn Book Ko. 4, a space is about one 



: to Sirs. Hayes. 

Ml- 'limh.rfi.i 



THE DAY SPACING 
Shading T Square. 




J,,,/ i;,i,IiJh,i. 

EATON k BURNETTS 

fOURSEOr BUSINESS TR.UNINCi 



COMJIEECIAL LAW, 
A. 11. EATON, 

-iil-LiLw nnd Associntu rrlnci|)iil 
>n A niinietra Uiisinesw I'ollcge, 
UiUtlmoi-c, MU. 



Siu-i-iiil nilcsfOfoUegcs or otllcre roriilivlllg 
tiirgc nuiiibei'. Address 

KATUN ft BUUNKTT, 

Hiimiuorc-. Md. 



BRYANTS NEW SERIES. 

BOOK-KEEPING. 




";:: 




liaiil iibstiiiciK-t' i> 






Ml it cannot be oivr- 


;':;"ii':" 


,,,■.,,„; 


1. „f. In my ,«,«- 


jnurn., 


v~ 


:,-. .:„,,.„„.::, 


^ 


5;;s5C 


■=^ 




':"'"' ',' ' 





SPENCERIAN 



BLACKBOARDS 

LIQUID SLATING. 

''T''A"Fj'L'''rN'u'M''' 

I'l 1 M.I 1 -II li \ I I. IM,ACKm>AItl)S, 
^.■^^ \..rU Nili.iH. itooK Slutv lomimiiy 




STEEL PENS. 



. M [Till 1^ 




THE 


NEW 












1 


\\T .V 




■niN-s 


COMMON 




IIOIII 


ItIM 


K-KEEFINU. 



I'ENMEN'Saiiil AKTISTS" SI ri'MKS. 



.1 ! . . ',. \s jiiia iittnictlvt; 

, I ,: ; . .illy linpl'oved ill 

THE xNEW 

KHYANT A STUATTDN'S 

Ol'NTING-HOrSE BOOK-KFEPING. 



17x22. 20 2 00 



I:'.':"",;;,;'" 


:X "■,:::',;:''.' 


1. 1 tliiin uny otlier 


IM-..V 


n,,M>IMVS 


r AYum ft CO., 


in 


IKamlHOGm 


.1 street. Sew York. 


&i 


lUl K 4 I-I 1(1 




Iv llie niiiidsoi 
epast. 


,e«',l,We.^^ 



M .VV H K W S 

1 \l\ M\Nl \') liiKiKKMI'IM. 



I\K : 






■■ I nuu u ({vval iXaal ot MM><M(Ab£'s curd- i A)-t» luid a 



-'im SM.K at a biii'Kniii; un cauitiUnlivd miU 
* pin iii« Coiiiiiu'iviHl ('olU'gc. tliu only one 
lln- ciiv. Tor imiiifiilaifi iipiily to CoiriiiiL'i'ciul 



W 1 9.Kuvvi.swv.v-\v.c. .vw'.v\mvv\>\^A^A'^^\^'^^ v^^^ ^>^t^^ 



Mt, I Kaumtl Rwom-CM o( the United stfttca « 



/l4.-t^j:l;l=l.l.l!*i» 

n. Series of 

bCHQnL PENS 




ALLING'S 



. . „.., ,, 1 GOLD I GOLD I 
Superior ^^ritins Inks, 



AND OFFICE MUCIU6L 



I isr 19^ s 



Gel a Fine Gold Watcli, or Its Equival- 
ent In U. S. Gold Coin. 

A New Publication. 







wjftiiiiuj^ijjy, 



very Variety 



AUo; CoiinfCl Ei%«ii a-t Kxpei 

IHSI'I.VV (ITS I'OH VnVEllTISINCi. 



V 1/ 



I RICES 



No 1 Prlc4 »l 



TO BE PUBLISHED IN JUNE, 1881. 

The Complete Edition 



w 

THE J. W, STOAKES AUTOMATIC SHADING 



Kdli rl.AIN, F.iXCY A: OIlX.VMEXT.ll. 

LETTERING. 



M 

1 k u 

V J 

JLST I UllL Sllh 

nil ( o\l\im( I \1 sll 1)1 Ms 

Glass Book of Commercial Law, 

SCHOOL AND COlXTIXi-KOOM, 

C. K. CAKHART. 

Till- «iii I. j. 11 |.iiini |>nK'<ictil uxplimntioii of 



Counting House Arithmetic, 

Embracing over 500 Pages. 



(oiIlRoiiiiiij,' volmnu wil 
importrtiit subjects : 
Inti-oaiiction, Numeratl 
Addition. UavM Mt'tlui- 


n nnd Notntioii. 


Uivlsiliiiu^ -t \iiiM.. - 


:':,:-::::!"' 


iTsl'r" 1',' 


„,. 



AVoonaockot, R. 



Reduced I'lire List of Fine Cards. 



ti'i- "'::'■ 








.'-■"v 






■^ > 


■n„. ..Kn 


. enslly Bii 


AMKS. 


DIWTir 




PHABBT 

iiuulTOuie. 


rnptdly 
pmcUcal 


w;5T 

llnou'lu-^. 


if^ii; 


TB£ 


■V&. 




/-^ONVBlt*ATH>S IN A SCHOOLROOM.- 
Lj UHfvv; Who wrote you those biwiiUllulcaPdsJ 

Whj-, I.. Madaha--^, ^e i»rd. writer. b-u 



Sriil I - I ' I' lucelplof 

C-tf' "^'Albmii lli.-itn-.-Oiu';j.'. AlLimy, N. Y. 
AS AN INDUCEMENT TO VOU 

ipRunt bevel t-dgo «u'di 
11 ililTi-iviit atylv^, nmk 

GOOD FOR y SHORT WHILE ONLY, 

I u'lll svnd, upon i-ccoipl of Onv Dollar nm 
3c. stntiip, l.h» following; iisctid nitirU'!*, etc. : 
3 Svt« of t*«p«als [new to the imbllcl. woi-lh. «■ 
2 spectroeiii* of Klourishinjr, " ** 

IS livHutldil Ai^soited Cai-dn, " (Wi 

Total worth *1 a 

Piu1in4Uu 



prdep) ftw pr-'mpfly wi"! tarefuiiy W<«i- <**H | 



Conlnu-tioiis iii Multipliinliyii c.f hnittlnns. Uiviaioii of Friu-tioii^. 
Greatest Common Divisor of FnuiUons. LtMist Coiuniou Multiple of !■ lU' 
Dtuiuinl Fviictioii". lictliicTlon of !>eciTiml«. 

Mullii'l'' '^ I >. . ,- :,, \l.ilti|,li.aliou<>t Uccliimli?. 

Uivisk.ii ..' i. . ■ ' ■■ !■■ '•' n..Timals. 

Subtniutioii ul Ciituluitji*, MiiUiptiwUiuii of Ulrculutcs. 

Uivision of Cli-culat^a, Ucnomiiitlto Siiinbcre. 

Uc-duflloii of Uenomlnute Niiuihera. 

Addition of Compound Xnmbevs, Subtriictlon of Compound Nunibera. 

Multiplication of Compound Numl)Mi-3, Division of Compound Nuuibev: 

Lfttilndennd I-ongUude. I.onBH.ndi! and Time'. 



DeiK 






In thy trfBtmenl of tho id-o 
practical and sclentitlc. Mnny 111 
istle ihoronKhncsa of the part of 



ubjects , 



't hii^ bvvn ninde tu ri-ndvr thvui thoiYiiifith. 
ngniid novel fcatmvj* wlllhcprcaentt'd with th« oharaoter- 
<vk heretofore puhllshed. and which has ree^lvtd the atrong 

.BfiKs and Schools in the United states and Canada. 

Copies for examinaUon will be sent, po»t.pald. to teachers and pi-oprietor^ of sc-hooln on 

pt of I1.2S. 



Nos. 6 and Q N, Charles Street, Baltimgre, Md,